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Ficus Trees and the Five Most Common Types They Come In

Figs, also called Ficus, are Asian species of flowering plants that are also indigenous to some parts of the Middle East. It holds great importance in areas where it is cultivated for various cultural as well as religious reasons.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina is the most famous of all figs and is easily identified by its usually dark colors and sometimes blemished appearance. Although it grows quite fast in well-lit areas, the tree still thrives with minimal water and light, even growing as tall as 4 meters. Ficus benjamina trees are also called weeping trees due to their shedding of leaves every time they are transferred to another position, especially in an uncomplimentary habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This type of Ficus tree is known for its trendiness and has been mainly used as an ornament then and now. Sometimes called the the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig tree, this small one grows best in bright regions. It will keep growing as long as it is kept away from direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves could burn.

Ficus elastica

People often find it weird when they learn that Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and remains a fig tree specie. This Ficus tree is actually a mix of various types of Ficus trees that originated from an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica can reach heights of 130 feet and has big, polished leaves that may have the same blotches found in F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Sometimes called Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is not actually a shrub or tree but rather a twisting aerial root where leaves grow directly. This plant can have a height anywhere between 16 inches and 3 feet, and looks like a bonsai. It belongs to this company of figs that are used chiefly for decorative purposes, just like F. lyrata. During winter, its ideal temperatures for optimal growth are from 12 to 15 degrees, while in summer, it thrives best in shady areas.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, or the so-called cluster fig trees, are originally found in Asia, specifically in Indonesia and the Philippines. The fruits this plant, as you one can tell from its name, grows in clusters both on the tree’s branches and on its trunk. Their leaves start out in a curled up position, and once they unfurl, they burst into a myriad of shades of red, which makes the tree look absolutely gorgeous. If you’ve been planning to decorate your home with a fig tree, the fact that you have read more about it makes you a wiser shopper now! While this space is too small for everything you want to know about these plants, just being familiar with their five most common types is definitely a good start.

Citation: official statement